How to Download Ebook Makrifat Sunan Kalijaga by Achmad Chodjim
If you are interested in learning about the Islamic teachings of Sunan Kalijaga, one of the nine saints of Java who spread Sufism in the 16th century, you might want to read the book Mistik dan Makrifat Sunan Kalijaga by Achmad Chodjim. This book explores the mystical and spiritual aspects of Sunan Kalijaga's teachings, such as his views on human nature, divine law, salvation, and interfaith harmony.
However, finding a physical copy of this book might be difficult, especially if you live outside Indonesia. Fortunately, there is a way to download the ebook version of this book for free from the Internet Archive. Here are the steps to do so:
Go to this link, which is the page for the ebook on the Internet Archive website.
On the right side of the page, you will see a box that says \"Download Options\". Click on the format that you prefer, such as PDF or EPUB.
A new tab will open and the download will start automatically. Save the file to your device and enjoy reading!
Note that this ebook is in Indonesian language, so you might need a translator if you are not fluent in it. Also, be respectful of the author's rights and do not distribute or sell the ebook without permission.
I hope this article helps you download ebook makrifat sunan kalijaga by Achmad Chodjim. If you want to learn more about this topic, you can also check out this link, which is a preview of the book on Google Books.
Sunan Kalijaga's Biography: Youth
There are two different versions of Sunan Kalijaga's youth. The first version says that Sunan Kalijaga, who was still known as Raden Said, was a robber who stole from the rich and gave to the poor. He did this out of his concern for the people of Tuban who were suffering from poverty and oppression. He tried to persuade his father, who was a vassal of Majapahit, to help the people, but his father refused. Raden Said then became a rebel and a bandit, leading a group of outlaws in the forest.
The second version says that Raden Said was a loyal soldier of Majapahit who fought against the rising Islamic kingdoms of Demak and Cirebon. He was brave and skilled in martial arts, but also arrogant and proud. He looked down on Islam and its followers, and often clashed with them. He was also fond of hunting and gambling, and had a lavish lifestyle.
Both versions agree that Raden Said had a life-changing encounter with Sunan Bonang, one of the Wali Sanga who was also his uncle. Sunan Bonang was able to defeat Raden Said in a duel, either by physical or spiritual means, and then invited him to learn about Islam. Raden Said was impressed by Sunan Bonang's wisdom and kindness, and decided to become his disciple. He then changed his name to Sunan Kalijaga, which means \"the river saint\", either because he liked to immerse himself in rivers for meditation, or because he lived near a river called Kalijaga in Cirebon.
Sunan Kalijaga's Biography: Da'wah Strategies
Sunan Kalijaga was known for his innovative and flexible da'wah strategies that adapted to the local culture and context of Java. He used arts, music, literature, and folklore as mediums to convey the message of Islam to the people. He also respected the existing traditions and customs of the Javanese people, and did not force them to abandon them. Instead, he tried to incorporate Islamic values and teachings into them.
Some of his famous da'wah methods include:
Wayang kulit (shadow puppet theater): Sunan Kalijaga modified the Hindu epics of Ramayana and Mahabharata into Islamic stories that illustrated the principles of tauhid (monotheism), sharia (law), and akhlaq (ethics). He also added Islamic symbols and characters, such as angels, prophets, saints, and jinns. He used wayang kulit as a tool to entertain and educate the masses about Islam.
Gamelan (Javanese musical ensemble): Sunan Kalijaga introduced gamelan as a form of Islamic art that could be used for praising Allah and His messenger. He composed several songs and melodies that expressed Islamic themes and values. He also used gamelan as a way to attract people to mosques and Islamic events.
Baju takwa (Islamic clothing): Sunan Kalijaga designed a simple and modest clothing style for Muslims that consisted of a white shirt, black pants, a black cap, and a sarong. He called it baju takwa (clothing of piety), because it symbolized humility, purity, and obedience to Allah. He also encouraged Muslims to wear baju takwa during religious occasions such as prayers, fasting, pilgrimage, and festivals.
Sekaten (Islamic festival): Sunan Kalijaga initiated a festival called sekaten that celebrated the birthday of Prophet Muhammad (Maulid). He held it in conjunction with the Javanese new year (Suro), which was traditionally marked by rituals and offerings to ancestral spirits. He transformed these rituals into Islamic ones, such as reciting the Quran, chanting salawat (praises for the Prophet), giving charity, and performing prayers. He also invited people to enjoy various attractions such as games, food stalls, music performances, and wayang kulit shows.
Grebeg Maulud (Islamic procession): Sunan Kalijaga organized a procession called grebeg maulud that paraded various offerings such as fruits, vegetables, rice cones, flowers, and banners from the palace to the mosque. The offerings were then distributed to the poor and needy as a form of zakat (alms). The procession a474f39169